An Insurance Policy is a combination of protection and savings to meet your future needs. In today’s life the worthiness of insurance can not denied by any one. Whenever a person takes an insurance policy, the motive behind this is to secure the future from certain risk on the happening of certain event. We can feel the importance of insurance in our day to day life also. In modern and busy life people want to save their each and everything through the insurance.

As per requirements of an individual, insurance companies provide insurance policy for buildings, machinery and accessories, stock and stock in process for business purpose, furniture for the purpose of business and profession, mobile, transport, home, health etc. against loss an damages arising out of fire and allied perils. Machinery Breakdown policy covers financial loss incurred by the insured due to loss or damage to machinery as a result of accidental electrical and mechanical breakdown. It reimburses the insured for the cost of repairs or replacement of machinery of like nature.

Fire loss of profit insurance covers major fire loss, due to which the business operations get interrupted resulting in reduced turnover and eventually in loss of profits. Plate glass insurance covers against the actual breakage of plain glass of ordinary glazing quality completely and securely fixed. Any equipment operated with electrical power may suffer breakdown spontaneously. Electronic equipment insurance policy covers “All Risks” to cover Computers, Bio medical equipment, X-ray equipment, audio/video equipment etc. Disaster insurance policy provides protection against disasters arising out of earthquake, cyclone, landslide, floods, explosion, fire and so on. Machinery Insurance provides protection against unforeseen and sudden physical damage to the insured machinery. Mobile Cellular Phones and Pager can be covered against the risk of fire, theft Terrorist activity, Riot and Strike.

After looking the list of areas where insurance companies provide insurance policy, we can feel the significant role of the insurance in our life. In fact nowadays the insurance companies ready to provide insurance policies for all high value items, so one can get money back if something goes wrong. The insurance cover provides compensation equivalent to the cost of replacement of the goods/instrument by a new good/instrument of the same specification and same capacity, including all taxes and duties.

How the insurance company functions?

Suppose a person takes policy for his car against the fire, accident and theft etc. One day the car meets with an accident, the policyholder will lodge a claim with the company for compensation. The insurance company will appoint surveyor to assess the loss in accident. The surveyors will then go and assess the extent of loss. On the basis of the report submitted by the surveyor, the insurance company will liable to settle the claim of insurance. The IRDA (Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority) clearly articulates that a claim will have to be paid within 30 days from the date of receipt. In case the claim wants an investigation then the insurance company has to complete the investigation not later than 6 months from the time of lodging the claim. Moreover, in case a claim is ready for payment but the payment cannot be made due to any reasons then such an amount will earn interest at the rate applicable to a savings bank account.

But some times the insurance companies serve late in settling the claim lodged by the insured and do not follow the rules provided in IRDA (Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority).

As I mentioned above when insured lodge a claim before the insurance company, the insurance company appoints surveyor to assess the loss and damages and then do compare with the claim of insured. After satisfaction, the insurance company initiates to settle the claim. In this whole episode the Surveyors play crucial role between the insured and the insurer. Before going to deal with work of surveyor, it is must to know about the surveyor. Means who can be a surveyor, eligibility and qualifications needed for surveyor etc.

Surveyors are professionals who assess the loss or damage and serve as a link between the insurer and the insured. They usually function only in non life business. Their job is to assess the actual loss and avoid false claims. Surveyors like agents, are not employees but are independent professionals hired by the insurance company